Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytical psychotherapy are related therapies, both provide increased insight, with psychoanalytic sessions requiring greater frequency.
The founder was Sigmund Freud. But psychoanalysis has continued to develop strongly since Freud.
The starting point is that much of our behaviour is determined by unconscious factors and, in addition, has its root in early childhood.
We do not control our minds fully, although we often pretend that we do. This is a basic tenet, one which has been confirmed by modern neuropsychological research.
With psychological problems it is therefore important to examine carefully what exactly is going on. The patient’s role in this process is to associate freely. Free association is as far as possible voicing everything that occurs to you. The role of the therapist/analyst is to interpret and clarify what is said.
An important aspect of the treatment is that the problematic interactions with others will also occur during interaction with the therapist. By this means these problematic interactions become more reachable and treatable.
2016 Karl Abraham, Life and Work, A Biography. London: Karnac.